Today, PBI-USA joins with our partners around the globe in recognizing the Day of the Endangered Lawyer. The first ever Day of the Endangered Lawyer was organized in 2010 by a group of lawyers in Europe as an effort to call attention to threatened human rights lawyers with special attention given to one designated country each year. In 2016, that country is Honduras.

In Honduras, the practice of law has become a high-risk profession. Lawyers face assassination, abductions and threats, to themselves and to their families. More lawyers are murdered in Honduras than any other country in the world. The National Human Rights Commission (CONADEH) recorded 89 deaths of lawyers between 2010 and March 2015 that were a result of targeted killings. Most of these murders were committed with firearms. According to PBI’s records 22 legal professionals were killed in the last year. In at least 82% of cases the perpetrators have gone unpunished. Countless lawyers have suffered attacks and intimidation.

Since the 2009 coup d’état human rights violations have escalated in Honduras and the attacks against lawyers take place in a context where the rule of law is under severe threat and where violent attacks on human rights defenders of all kinds have become alarmingly common. The absence of any adequate response by the State has been widely condemned by the Inter-American Human Rights Commission and by UN agencies. Lawyers, prosecutors and judges dealing with cases involving human rights violations, violence or state corruption all carry out their work under risk of violence.

Peace Brigades International (PBI) has followed with growing concern the serious deterioration of space for the defense of human rights faced by lawyers, organizations, communities and human rights defenders in Honduras since the coup d’état took place on 28 June 2009. PBI Honduras began supporting human rights defenders in Honduras through a strategy of international presence and concern that supports local initiatives and contributes to efforts aimed at developing a culture of peace and justice. PBI Honduras currently accompany CEHPRODEC’s team of lawyers which provide legal assistance to members of the indigenous and peasant communities opposed the installation of hydroelectric projects and mining in their territories. Between 2012 and March 2014, around 111 environmental and land rights defenders were murdered in Honduras, while many more suffered physical attacks and systematic persecution. PBI has observed that the lawyers who provide legal assistance in cases surrounding land and territorial rights are at particularly high risk. One such lawyer who faced these risks was Antonio Trejo Cabrera.

Antonio Trejo Cabrera was a lawyer for the Authentic Revindicator Campesino of Bajo Aguán Movement (MARCA) and represented several agricultural cooperatives in the region of Bajo Aguán in legal disputes with powerful landowners. He was working on a well-known case which ended in June 2012, with a decision declaring the acquisition of several properties by businessmen Miguel Facussé and René Morales illegal. As a result of this decision they ordered the return of the lands, a total area of ​​1,776 hectares, to MARCA. On September 22, 2012 Antonio was shot to death when he was near the Toncontin airport in Tegucigalpa. His murder remains in impunity.

PBI Honduras currently accompanies a number of human rights defenders and lawyers, including lawyer Donald Hernandez who says:

“[T]he support of International accompaniment organizations that collect testimonies of attacks and make them public at international level … this has helped prevent attacks which have historically happened”

Today, PBI joins lawyers and human rights activists around the world to highlight the situation in Honduras and urge the Honduran government to take action to protect lawyers at risk.

Many countries across the globe have courageous lawyers like Antonio Trejo Cabrera and Donald Hernandez who risk their lives each day simply by doing their job. Since 2010, PBI-USA has provided support to endangered lawyers and human rights activists through our Lawyers’ Committee on Human Rights, which draws on the expertise and resources of the U.S. legal profession and academic community to link with human rights defenders at risk abroad, helping to protect them and to promote their work. Lawyers in the U.S. can play a crucial role in helping PBI in this important work, by joining the PBI-USA Lawyers’ Committee on Human Rights and supporting lawyers at risk in Honduras and elsewhere.

More information about the Lawyers’ Committee can be found at: